Indonesian Rice Production
Even though Indonesia is the third-largest country in terms of global rice production, they still have to import rice almost every year to keep the reserves at a safe level.
This situation is caused by farmers’ poor production techniques, in combination with large per capita rice consumption.
In fact, Indonesia is among the largest rice consumers across the globe. The nation’s per capita rice consumption was recorded at nearly 150 kilogram (of rice, per person, per year) in 2017.
Only Myanmar, Vietnam, and Bangladesh have higher per capita rice consumption.
Rice production in Indonesia is dominated by the smallholder farmers, not by big private or state-owned enterprises. Smallholder farmers account for around 90 percent of Indonesia’s rice production, each farmer holding an average land area of less than 0.8 hectares.